Indonesian Journal of Educational Development https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed <p>Indonesian Journal of Educational Development (IJED) is peer review and open access journal published by the Academic Development Institute (LPA) Universitas PGRI Mahadewa Indonesia. This journal is published four times a year, namely <strong>February</strong>, <strong>May</strong>,<strong> August </strong>and <strong>November</strong>. Contains Indonesian and English writing originating from research results on the development of learning, measurement and evaluation of education, and education management.</p> Academic Development Institute (LPA) Universitas PGRI Mahadewa Indonesia en-US Indonesian Journal of Educational Development 2722-3671 <p>This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material.</p> PENGARUH PENDEKATAN STEM UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PEMAHAMAN KONSEP ELEKTROPLATING, KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KRITIS DAN BEKERJA SAMA. https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/1002 <p>This study aims to determine the effect of STEM approach on the understanding of electroplating concepts, critical thinking skills and skills of working together of class XII IPA 1 students of SMAN 5 Denpasar in the 2018/2019 academic year with a one group pretest posttest control group design research design. Data on understanding the concept of electroplating were collected through a pretest and posttest using a written essay test, critical thinking skills and collaboration were collected through observation. The sample in this study amounted to 29 students. The research data were processed using the t test with t test = 7.94 and t table = 1.05, meaning that t test&gt; t table, and normalized N-gain obtained an average of = 0.72. Based on the results of this study, it shows that: there is an effect of learning with the STEM approach on understanding the concept of electroplating, critical thinking skills, and skills of students in class XII IPA 1 in the 2018/2019 academic year.</p> Gede Sandi Copyright (c) 1 3 META ANALISIS: PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN BERDASARKAN MASALAH TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KREATIF https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/1001 <p>Banyak penelitian untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kreatif siswa melalui model pembelajaran berdasarkan masalah, tetapi belum ada yang menganalisis hasil penelitian yang sudah dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran berdasarkan masalah terhadap kemampuan berpikir kreatif peserta didik. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode meta analisis dengan jumlah sampel 14 artikel jurnal. Hasil penelitian meta analisis menunjukkan bahwa pengaruh model pembelajaran berdasarkan masalah terhadap kemampuan berpikir kreatif memiliki <strong>ES</strong> dengan kriteria tinggi dan bila dicari rata – rata dari semua model pembelajaran, nilai rata-rata <strong>ES</strong> = 1,26 (efek tinggi).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Suryo Widodo Copyright (c) 1 3 PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN INQUIRY https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/978 <p><strong>Abstract</strong>. This research was conducted at SMK Negeri 3 Tabanan Class XI DPIB Semester II where the ability of students for the level of student achievement in Mathematics learning is still very low. The purpose of writing this classroom action research is to find out whether the application of the Inquiry Learning Model can improve the achievement of mathematics learning outcomes of students of SMK Negeri 3 Tabanan Class XI DPIB Semester II of the 2018/2019 academic year. The subjects of this study were students of class XI DPIB semester II of SMK Negeri 3 Tabanan in the 2018/2019 academic year, while the object of research was the achievement of student mathematics learning outcomes. The data collection method in this research is the mathematics learning achievement test of the students. The data analysis method is descriptive. The indicators of success or the criteria for success in this study were determined that the average value was 70 both in cycle I and cycle II. The results obtained from this study are the application of the Inquiry Learning Model can improve the mathematics learning achievement of class XI DPIB semester II students as evidenced by the results obtained previously or the initial class average value was 62.50 and in cycle I increased to 68.26 with an increase in learning achievement of 5.76 (9.22%) and in the second cycle it increased again with a class average of 72.32 with an increase in achievement of 9.82 (15.71%). Thus the results obtained in cycle II have met the demands of the research or are in accordance with the predetermined success indicators so that the research is not continued, and finally we can draw conclusions; that the application of the Inquiry Learning Model can improve the mathematics learning achievement of Class XI DPIB Semester II students of SMK Negeri 3 Tabanan in the 2018/2019 academic year.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: inquiry learning model, effort, learning achievement</p> I Gede Budiarsa Copyright (c) 1 3 INTERAKSI EDUKATIF “ge-je” (Guru kunJung)SEBAGAI STRATEGI ALTERNATIF MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR DALAM PELAKSANAAN PJJ MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/977 <p>Kebijakan pemerintah melalui Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan terkait dengan masa pandemi adalah penyesuaian pembelajaran di masa pandemi Virus Covid-19, dimana proses pembelajaran di sekolah yang semula dilakukan secara tatap muka harus diganti dengan sistem daring (dalam jaringan) maupun luring (luar jaringan). Salah satu hal yang harus ada pada pemikiran seorang pendidik dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran jarak jauh ini adalah memanusiakan hubungan. Memanusiakan hubungan ini sangat penting karena merupakan praktik pembelajaran yang dilandasi orientasi pada anak berdasarkan relasi positif yang saling memahami antara guru, siswa, dan orang tua. Memanusiakan hubungan dengan orang tua dapat dilakukan dengan mengetahui profil, kondisi orang tua termasuk pengumpulan informasi terkait waktu yang paling tepat untuk mendampingi proses belajar anak sehingga tercipta suasana yang kondusif untuk belajar.&nbsp; Best practise ini bertujuan untuk memaparkan efektifitas interaksi edukatif “ge-je” (Guru kunJung) sebagai strategi alternatif meningkatkan motivasi belajar dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran jarak jauh dalam rangka memanusiakan hubungan antara guru dan siswa melalui pemberian motivasi belajar pada kondisi pada siswa yang mempunyai hambatan khusus seperti keterbatasan dana untuk membeli kuota, pemahaman terhadap materi kurang, dan yang terlibat aktifitas ekonomi di rumah. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif, dan untuk pengumpulan data yang konkrit penulis melaksanakan beberapa tehnik pengumpulan data, yakni pengamatan, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. &nbsp;Subyek penelitian adalah&nbsp; siswa kelas IX-C di SMP Negeri 20 Malang. &nbsp;Hasil yang diperoleh adalah pentingnya dilakukan diagnosa awal&nbsp; dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran jarak jauh. Diagnosa awal sangat perlu dilakukan untuk memperoleh gambaran motivasi dan gaya belajar siswa. Selain itu pemilihan pendekatan, strategi dan metode pembelajaran yang tepat, serta platform yang dipilih harus disesuaikan dengan situasi nyata daerah tersebut. Pada daerah yang relatif sudah aman, penerapan strategi interaksi edukatif&nbsp; “<em>ge-je</em>” (Guru kunJung) tepat dilakukan pada siswa yang mempunyai hambatan khusus seperti keterbatasan dana untuk membeli kuota, pemahaman terhadap materi kurang, dan yang terlibat aktifitas ekonomi di rumah</p> MEILISA NOVARIANA Copyright (c) 1 3 PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN INQUIRY https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/972 <p>Abstract. This research was conducted at SMK Negeri 3 Tabanan Class XI DPIB Semester II where the ability of students for the level of student achievement in Mathematics learning is still very low. The purpose of writing this classroom action research is to find out whether the application of the Inquiry Learning Model can improve the achievement of mathematics learning outcomes of students of SMK Negeri 3 Tabanan Class XI DPIB Semester II of the 2018/2019 Academic Year. The data collection method in this research is the mathematics learning achievement test of the students. The data analysis method is descriptive. The results obtained from this study are the application of the Inquiry Learning Model can improve the Mathematics learning achievement of class XI DPIB semester II students as evidenced by the results previously obtained with a class average of 62.5 and the percentage of completeness learning is 41.1%, in the cycle I increased to 68 with a percentage of 64.7% and in cycle II increased again with an average class of 72.1 with a percentage of 94%. These results after analyzing using descriptive analysis, it is concluded that the application of the Inquiry Learning Model can improve the mathematics learning achievement of students of SMK Negeri 3 Tabanan Class XI DPIB Semester II.&nbsp;Keywords: inquiry learning model, effort, learning achievement</p> I Gede Budiarsa Copyright (c) 1 3 MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERMAIN TAKTIS SEPAK BOLA MELALUI PENDEKATAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PERMAINAN TAKTIS (TACTICAL GAMES FOR UDERSTANDING/TGFU) https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/971 <p><strong>ABSTRAK: </strong>Indikator pencapaian kompetensi materi permainan bola besar (permainan sepak bola) kelas 12 Tahun Aajaran 2017/2018 adalah menganalisis, merancang, mengevaluasi dan mempraktikkan taktik dan strategi (menyerang dan bertahan) permainan sepak bola. Sesuai dengan indikator tersebut, tujuan penelitian tindakan ini adalah untuk mengetahui sejauh mana pendekatan Model Pembelajaran Permainan Taktis dapat meningkatkan kemampuan keterampilan mengeksekusi, membuat keputusan, mendukung, dalam situasi permainan sepak bola. Berdasarkan hasil pelaksanaan penelitian tindakan yang dilaksanakan melalui perencanaan, tindakan, observasi dan refleksi terhadap keterampilan proses permainan taktis diperoleh hasil sebagai berikut: Pada siklus 1 perolehan nilai 56,74 dengan kriteria cukup. Pada siklus 2 mengalami peningkatan dengan perolehan nilai 78,86 dengan kriteria baik. Kriteria keberhasilan penilaian keterampilan diperoleh berdasarkan observasi terhadap keterampilan proses pada siklus 1 dan siklus ke 2. Penilaian keterampilan merupakan data kuantitatif hasil observasi kemudian dikonversi menjadi data kualitatif. Berdasarkan kriteria keberhasilan yang diperoleh pada siklus ke 2, dapat disimpulkan bahwa pendekatan Model Pembelajaran Permainan Taktis dapat meningkatkan keterampilan bermain taktis dalam situasi permainan sepak bola.</p> Tono Nugraha Copyright (c) 1 3 IMPLEMENTASI PENDEKATAN SAINTIFIK DENGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE STAD UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEAKTIFAN DAN HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS IV SEMESTER I SDN 1 RENDANG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2017/2018 https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/967 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong>. Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh adanya permasalahan yang teridentifikasi di kelas IV SDN 1 Rendang yaitu rendahnya keaktifan dan hasil belajar matematika siswa. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah meningkatkan keaktifan dan hasil belajar matematika melalui implementasi pendekatan saintifik dengan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe STAD. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas IV semester I SDN 1 Rendang tahun pelajaran 2017/2018 sebanyak 33 orang. Objek penelitian adalah keaktifan belajar dan hasil belajar. Data keaktifan belajar dikumpulkan dengan lembar observasi, sedangkan data hasil belajar dikumpulkan dengan tes. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Kriteria keberhasilan penelitian adalah keaktifan belajar pada kategori aktif dan dan ketuntasan belajar secara klasikal minimal 85%. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam dua siklus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keaktifan belajar siswa ada pada kategori aktif. Capaian hasil belajar siswa juga memenuhi kriteria keberhasilan yang ditetapkan yakni nilai rata-rata siswa 75,30, daya serap 75,30%, dan ketuntasan belajar 87,88%. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkkan bahwa implementasi pendekatan saintifik dengan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe STAD dapat meningkatkan keaktifan dan hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran matematika.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci</strong>: &nbsp;&nbsp;pendekatan saintifik, model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe STAD, hasil &nbsp;&nbsp;belajar, dan keaktifan belajar.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Abstract.</strong> This research was motivated by the problems identified in class IV SDN 1 Rendang, namely the low activity and mathematics learning outcomes of students. The purpose of this study was to increase the activeness and learning outcomes of mathematics through the implementation of a scientific approach with the STAD cooperative learning model. The subjects of this study were 33 class IV semester I SDN 1 Rendang students in the academic year 2017/2018. The object of research is active learning and learning outcomes. Learning activity data were collected by means of observation sheets, while data on learning outcomes were collected by means of tests. Data were analyzed descriptively. The criteria for the success of the study were active learning in the active category and classical learning completeness at least 85%. This research was conducted in two cycles. The results showed that student learning activeness was in the active category. Student learning outcomes also met the established success criteria, namely the student's average score of 75.30, absorption of 75.30%, and mastery of learning 87.88%. The results of this study indicate that the implementation of a scientific approach with the STAD cooperative learning model can increase student activity and learning outcomes in mathematics.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: &nbsp;scientific approach, cooperative learning model type STAD, learning outcomes, and learning activeness</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> I Komang Suparsawan Copyright (c) 1 3 Pengaruh sdsadsa https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/966 <p>sdasda</p> I Made Suarta Copyright (c) 1 3 Penerapan model pembelajaran think pair square berbantuan LKS untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar agama hindu https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/948 <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;" align="justify"><em><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en">This study aims to determine whether the Think Pair Sqeare learning model assisted by LKS can increase learning activeness and learning outcomes of Hindu students in class XII MIPA 3 SMA Negeri 7 Denpasar on the material of Dasa Yama Bratha and Dasa Nyama Bratha. This type of research is classroom action research. The subjects of this action research were students of class XII MIPA 3 SMA Negeri 7 Denpasar in the 2018/2019 academic year. This study consisted of 2 cycles, and each cycle of this design consisted of four stages, namely: (1) planning, (2) implementation, (3) observation and evaluation, and (4) reflection. The research data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively. The results showed that students who were less active at the initial reflection became active at the end of cycle II. The class average value of students increased by 1.54, the absorption of students increased by 15.4% and completeness of classical learning increased by 65.7% from the results of learning the initial reflection. So, the application of the Think Pair Sqeare learning model assisted by LKS can increase learning activeness and learning outcomes of Hindu students in class XII MIPA 3 SMA Negeri 7 Denpasar in the 2018/2019 academic year.</span></span></em></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;" align="justify"><em><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-style: normal;">Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah model pembelajaran </span></span></em><em><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">Think Pair Square</span></em><em><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-style: normal;"> berbantuan LKS dapat meningkatkan keaktifan belajar dan hasil belajar Agama Hindu siswa kelas XII MIPA 3 SMA Negeri 7 Denpasar pada materi Dasa Yama Bratha dan Dasa Nyama Bratha. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas</span></span></em><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">. Subjek penelitian t</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="id-ID">indakan </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">ini adalah siswa kelas XII MIPA 3 SMA Negeri 7 Denpasar t</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="id-ID">ahun </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">p</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="id-ID">elajaran 201</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">8</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="id-ID">/201</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">9. Penelitian ini terdiri dari 2 siklus, dan setiap siklus dari rancangan ini terdiri dari empat tahapan yaitu: (1) perencanaan, (2) pelaksanaan, (3) observasi dan evaluasi, dan (4) refleksi.</span><em><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-style: normal;"> Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. </span></span></em><em><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-style: normal;">Hasil penelitian menunjukan </span></span></em><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">dari siswa yang kurang aktif pada refleksi awal menjadi aktif pada akhir siklus II. Nilai rata-rata kelas siswa meningkat sebesar 1,54 daya serap siswa meningkat sebesar 15,4% dan ketuntasan belajar secara klasikal meningkat sebesar 65,7% dari hasil belajar refleksi awal. Jadi, </span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">penerapan </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">model pembelajaran </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><em>Think Pair Sqeare</em></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"> berbantuan LKS dapat meningkatkan keaktifan belajar dan hasil belajar Agama Hindu siswa kelas XII MIPA 3 SMA Negeri 7 Denpasar tahun pelajaran 2018/2019. </span></p> Ni Wayan Seriasih Copyright (c) 2020 Ni Wayan Seriasih https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-29 2020-11-29 1 3 471 480 10.5281/zenodo.4286777 Efektivitas penggunaan media gambar dalam upaya meningkatkan hasil belajar agama hindu https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/947 <p class="western" lang="en-US" style="margin-right: 0.06cm; text-indent: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0cm; letter-spacing: normal;" align="justify"><em><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">This classroom action research aims to determine the increase in learning outcomes of Hinduism through the use of image media. The subjects of this study were grade 1 students of SDN 3 Padangsambian, Denpasar city in the 2020/2021 school year. The object of research is the learning outcomes of Hinduism. Hindu religious learning outcomes data were collected using learning outcome tests. The collected data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively. The criteria for success are as follows: (1) the minimum average daily test score is KKM = 70, and (2) classical learning completeness is at least 85%. The results of preliminary observations made before the action showed that the mean value of Hinduism only reached 67.78 with classical completeness of 61.54%. After the classroom action research was carried out, in the first cycle the average value of the students' daily tests reached 71.84 with 80.77% classical completeness. In the first cycle classical completeness was still below 85% so the cycle was continued to cycle II. After taking the action, in cycle II, the mean score of Hinduism reached 76.19 with classical completeness reaching 88.46%. Thus, the use of image media can improve learning outcomes of Hinduism for grade I SDN 3 Padangsambian students in the 2020/2021 school year in two cycles.</span></span></em></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" style="margin-right: 0.06cm; text-indent: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0cm; letter-spacing: normal;" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB">Penelitian tindakan kelas ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatan hasil belajar Agama Hindu melalui penggunaan media gambar. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas 1 SDN 3 Padangsambian kota Denpasar tahun pelajaran 2020/2021. Objek penelitian adalah hasil belajar Agama Hindu. Data hasil belajar Agama Hindu dikumpulkan menggunakan tes hasil belajar. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. Kriteria keberhasilan adalah sebagai berikut: (1) nilai rata-rata ulangan harian minimal sebesar KKM=70, dan (2) ketuntasan belajar klasikal minimal 85%. Hasil observasi awal yang dilakukan sebelum tindakan menunjukkan bahwa nilai rerata Agama Hindu hanya mencapai 67,78 dengan ketuntasan secara klasikal 61,54%. Setelah dilakukan penelitian tindakan kelas, pada siklus I nilai rata-rata ulangan harian siswa mencapai 71,84 dengan ketuntasan klasikal 80,77%. Pada siklus I ketuntasan secara klasikal masih di bawah 85% sehingga siklus dilanjutkan ke siklus II. Setelah dilakukan tindakan, pada siklus II, nilai rerata Agama Hindu mencapai 76,19 dengan ketuntasan klasikal mencapai 88,46%. Dengan demikian, penggunaan media gambar dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar Agama Hindu siswa kelas I SDN 3 Padangsambian tahun pelajaran 2020/2021 dalam dua siklus.</span></span></span></p> Ni Luh Kartini Copyright (c) 2020 Ni Luh Kartini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-29 2020-11-29 1 3 536 543 10.5281/zenodo.4293721 Pengembangan model layanan profesional lonseling HIV/AIDS di provinsi Bali berbasis front-end analysis https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/943 <p class="western" lang="en-US" style="margin-right: 0.06cm; text-indent: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0cm; letter-spacing: normal;" align="justify"><em><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">This study aims to analyze the development of a professional service model for HIV / Aids counseling in Bali province based on front-end analysis. The primary data of this research comes from literature studies, comparative studies, questionnaires, and field surveys. Using the sampling technique was selected purposively with the criteria for the development of status and region. The study used a sample of nine districts and cities in the province of Bali that have the Aids Commission (KPA). Learning development research is carried out by adopting 4D (Define, Design, Develop and Disseminate). The findings show comprehensive data on people infected with HIV / Aids by age, sex, and occupation at the national and provincial levels of Bali and designing a professional counseling service model for HIV / Aids based on front-end analysis and logically analyzed (expert judgment) through a panel group discussion. by experts for refinement. This research implies an increase in the performance and professionalism of the counselor and the client's response to changing risky behavior.</span></span></em></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" style="margin-right: 0.06cm; text-indent: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0cm; letter-spacing: normal;" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB">Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengembangan model layanan profesional konseling HIV/Aids di provinsi Bali berbasis </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB"><em>front-end analysis</em></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB">. Data primer penelitian ini bersumber dari studi pustaka, studi komparasi, kuesioner, dan survey lapangan. Menggunakan teknik pengambilan sampel dipilih secara purposive dengan kriteria perkembangan status dan wilayah. Penelitian menggunakan sampel di sembilan kabupaten dan kota di provinsi Bali yang memiliki lembaga Komisi Penanggulangan Aids (KPA). Penelitian pengembangan pembelajaran dilakukan dengan mengadopsi 4D (</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB"><em>Define, Design, Develop and Disseminate</em></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB">). Temuan menunjukkan data yang komprehensif orang terjangkit HIV/Aids berdasarkan usia, jenis kelamin, dan pekerjaan ditingkat nasional dan provinsi Bali serta merancang model layanan professional konseling HIV/Aids berbasis </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB"><em>front-end analysis </em></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB">dan dianalisis secara logica (</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB"><em>expert</em></span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB"><em>judgment</em></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="en-GB">) melalui sebuah panel group discussion oleh pakar untuk penyempurnaan. Penelitian ini memiliki implikasi adanya peningkatan kinerja dan professionalisme konselor dan respon dari klien untuk berubah perilaku berisiko.</span></span></span></p> Anak Agung Ngurah Adhiputra Wayan Maba Wery Dartiningsih Copyright (c) 2020 Anak Agung Ngurah Adhiputra, Wayan Maba, Wery Dartiningsih https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-29 2020-11-29 1 3 525 535 10.5281/zenodo.4293688 Pendekatan konseling rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) dengan teknik dispute kognitif untuk meningkatkan rasa percaya diri siswa kelas VII.F SMP Negeri 12 Denpasar https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/944 <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;" align="justify"><em><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;">This study aims ro find out how to improve confidence of student's class VII of SMP negeri 12 denpasar using a approach method konseling Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) with dispute/kognitif technique. This research was a act and guidence and conselling (PTBK). It was done for two time.This research was conducted at SMP N 12 denpasar the sample of this research took 40 participants.The data collection method was used is confidence Angket,data analysis technique was used are percentage analysis technique,where all the quistionnaire is answered have been collected,than tabulated those answers. The research result showed that percentage of confidence of student's class VII F was getting higher,average 35,21% is showed improvement skor.before sampling is been done from 40,5 become 58,33 after sampling have been done.</span></em></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span lang="sv-SE">Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kepercayaan diri siswa kelas VII.F SMP Negeri 12 Denpasar dengan menggunakan pendekatan konseling Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) dengan teknik Dispute kognitif.</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"> Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan dalam bimbingan dan konseling (PTBK) dengan pelaksanaan dua siklus, Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMPN 12 Denpasar. Sampel dalam penelitian sebanyak 40 orang</span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><em>. </em></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;">Metode pengumpulan data berupa angket percaya diri. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah teknik analisis persentase, di mana setelah semua jawaban terkumpul kemudian ditabulasikan jawaban tersebut. </span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span lang="sv-SE">Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;">persentase peningkatan skor kepercayaan diri siswa kelas VII F sebesar 35,21 % yang mana mengalami peningkatan skor sebelum dilakukan tindakan sebesar 40,5 menjadi 58,33 setelah dilakukan tindakan.</span></p> I Dewa Ayu Eka Purba Dharma Tari I Putu Karpika I Ketut Sapta Kadek Suhardhita Vinsensius Aman Copyright (c) 2020 I Dewa Ayu Eka Purba Dharma Tari, I Putu Karpika, I Ketut Sapta, Kadek Suhardhita, Vinsensius Aman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-29 2020-11-29 1 3 429 436 10.5281/zenodo.4285218 Penerapan layanan bimbingan klasikal berbasis tri hita karana dalam meningkatkan karakter siswa tahun pelajaran 2019/2020 https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/940 <p class="western" lang="en-US" style="text-indent: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0cm; letter-spacing: normal;" align="justify"><em><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">This study aims to instill positive attitudes, traits and characters from the application of the universal Tri Hita Karana culture in the form of a tri hita karana-based classical guidance service that is tested on students this research is a type of action research that covers several aspects, namely the planning, implementation, observation / evaluation and reflection stages and using 2 cycles. The hypothesis proposed in this study: that by using the implementation of classical guidance services based on Tri Hita Karana can improve the character of students in the academic year 2019/2020.Research subjects in the classical guidance service based on Tri Hita karana were all students of class in the academic year 2019/2020. Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that the application of Tri Hita Karana-based classical guidance services can improve student character where there is a significant change that occurs an average increase of 27% in the first cycle while in the second cycle an average increase of 57.6%, then this it can be concluded that the application of Tri Hita Karana-based classical guidance services is considered to be effective in increasing the problem of students' character in the modern era.</span></span></em></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" style="text-indent: 0cm; margin-bottom: 0cm; letter-spacing: normal;" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menanamkan sikap, sifat dan karakter positif dari penerapan budaya Tri Hita Karana sejagat dalam bentuk layanan bimbingan klasikal berbasis Tri Hita Karana yang diujikan pada siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian tindakan yang meliputi beberapa penelitian. Aspek-aspek yaitu tahap perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi/evaluasi dan refleksi serta menggunakan 2 siklus. Hipotesis yang diajukan dalam penelitian ini bahwa dengan penerapan layanan bimbingan klasikal berbasis Tri Hita Karana dapat meningkatkan karakter siswa pada tahun ajaran 2019/2020. Subjek penelitian dalam layanan bimbingan klasikal Tri Hita karana adalah seluruh mahasiswa angkatan tahun ajaran 2019/2020. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan layanan bimbingan klasikal berbasis Tri Hita Karana dapat meningkatkan karakter siswa di mana terdapat perubahan yang signifikan yaitu terjadi peningkatan rata-rata sebesar 27% pada siklus I sedangkan pada siklus II mengalami peningkatan rata-rata sebesar 57,6%, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan layanan bimbingan klasikal berbasis Tri Hita Karana dinilai efektif dalam meningkatkan masalah karakter siswa di era modern.</span></span></p> I Putu Karpika Riana Mawar Mentari Copyright (c) 2020 I Putu Karpika, Riana Mawar Mentari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-29 2020-11-29 1 3 464 470 10.5281/zenodo.4286693 PENERAPAN LAYANAN BIMBINGAN KLASIKAL BERBASIS TRI HITA KARANA DALAM MENINGKATKAN KARAKTER SISWA TAHUN PELAJARAN 2019/2020 https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/939 <p>This study aims to instill positive attitudes, traits and characters from the application of the universal Tri Hita Karana culture in the form of a tri hita karana-based classical guidance service that is tested on students this research is a type of action research that covers several aspects, namely the planning, implementation, observation / evaluation and reflection stages and using 2 cycles.</p> <p>The hypothesis proposed in this study: that by using the implementation of classical guidance services based on Tri Hita Karana can improve the character of students in the academic year 2019/2020</p> <p>Research subjects in the classical guidance service based on Tri Hita karana were all students of class in the academic year 2019/2020. Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that the application of Tri Hita Karana-based classical guidance services can improve student character where there is a significant change that occurs an average increase of 27% in the first cycle while in the second cycle an average increase of 57.6%, then this it can be concluded that the application of Tri Hita Karana-based classical guidance services is considered to be effective in increasing the problem of students' character in the modern era.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> I Putu Karpika Copyright (c) 1 3 Implementasi metode pelangioli dalam upaya meningkatkan motivasi belajar kimia kelas XII MIPA SMA https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/938 <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;" align="justify"><em><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">This study aims to determine whether the implementation of the Pelangioli method could increase student motivation, which was carried out from 2 October 2018 to 3 January 2019, the research subjects of XII MIPA-2 grade of SMA Negeri 1 Kuta Selatan, to 36 students with the research object of learning motivation and pelangioli. The data obtained through filling out the questionnaire were analyzed using quantitative descriptive methods. Students with good enough, good, and very good motivation are said to have been motivated. At the end of learning cycle one, it was obtained 77.78% motivated and 94.44% at the end of cycle two. The research target of at least 85% of students in one class could be motivated. Therefore the authors conclude that the Direct Observation and Investigation Method of Environmental Objects (Pelangioli) could Motivate Student in Learning Voltaic Cells and Corrosion XII MIPA-2 grade SMA N 1 South Kuta 2018/2019 Academic Year.</span></span></em></p> <p class="western" style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-weight: normal;">P</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">enelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui apakah implementasi metoda pelangioli dapat meningkatkan motivasi peserta didik, yang dilaksanakan mulai tanggal 2 Oktober 2018 hingga 3 Januari 2019, subjek penelitian peserta didik kelas XII MIPA-2 SMA Negeri 1 Kuta Selatan yang berjumlah 36 orang dengan objek penelitian motivasi belajar dan pelangioli. Data yang diperoleh melalui pengisian kuisioner dianalisis dengan metode deskriktif kuantitatif. Peserta didik dengan motivasi cukup baik, baik, dan sangat baik dikatakan telah termotivasi. Akhir pembelajaran siklkus satu diperoleh 77,78% termotivasi dan 94,44% pada akhir siklus dua. Adapun target penelitian minimal 85% peserta didik dalam satu kelas dapat termotivasi. Oleh karena itu penulis simpulkan bahwa dengan Metode Pengamatan Langsung dan Investigasi Objek Lingkungan (Pelangioli)</span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">dapat Memotivasi</span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">Peserta Didik dalam Pembelajaran Sel Volta dan Korosi Kelas XII MIPA-2 SMA N 1 Kuta Selatan Tahun Pelajaran 2018/2019</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">. </span></span></p> I Wayan Sudiya Copyright (c) 2020 I Wayan Sudiya https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-29 2020-11-29 1 3 506 515 10.5281/zenodo.4287027 Upaya Meningkatkan Prestasi dan Kualitas Belajar Kimia dengan Metode Pembelajaran Penemuan Konsep pada Siswa Kelas XII-IPA 3 Semester II SMA Negeri 1 Mejayan Kabupaten Madiun Tahun Pelajaran 2019/2020”. https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/937 <p>The quality of graduates is not enough when measured by local standards just because of global change has been enormous affect a nation's economy. New industry developed with competency-based science and high technology, thus a successful nation is a nation that has a standard technology competence high.For it needed an activity undertaken by teachers with efforts to raise student motivation, for example by guiding students to be directly involved in the activities involving students and teachers who serve as mentors to find the concept Kimia.Sesuai with the above problems, this study aims to: 1) Determine the increase in student achievement after learning the implementation of the invention konsep.2) Determine the influence student motivation after the discovery of the concept of applied learning , Learning with the invention of the concept of having a positive impact in improving student achievement marked by increased mastery learning students in each cycle, the first cycle (63.63%), the second cycle (78.78%), the third cycle (87.87%) , The application of the concept of discovery learning methods have a positive effect, which can increase students' motivation shown by the average response of students stating that the students are interested and interested in the concept of discovery learning methods so that they become motivated to learn.</p> sriyono iqbal Copyright (c) 1 3 Analisis perangkat pembelajaran biologi SMA dalam mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/935 <p><em>This study aims to determine the suitability of high school biology learning tools in developing students' critical thinking skills to support the successful implementation of the 2013 Curriculum. The method used in this study is a qualitative descriptive study with a case study method. This study took location 8 SMAN in Banten. The source of data in this study was the biology teacher. Data collection techniques used consisted of observation, interviews, documentation and student response questionnaires. The results showed that the suitability between the lesson plan and its implementation was in the quite good category, the suitability</em><br /><em>of the lesson plan with the syllabus to develop students' critical thinking skills was in the very good category, the UH problem in developing critical thinking skills was in the sufficient category, the suitability of the lesson plan for the level of learning implementation that developed skills Students' critical thinking is categorized as quite good. It is concluded that the implementation of the 2013 curriculum for learning tools in developing critical thinking skills in biology lessons at 8 high schools in Banten was classified into the fairly good category.</em></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kesesuaian perangkat pembelajaran biologi SMA dalam mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa sangat diperlukan untuk mendukung keberhasilan pelaksanaan Kurikulum 2013. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah penelitian dekriptif kualitatif dengan metode studi kasus. Penelitian ini mengambil lokasi 8 SMAN di Banten. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini adalah guru pelajaran Biologi. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan terdiri dari observasi, wawancara, dokumentasi dan angket respon siswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kesesuaian antara RPP<br />dengan pelaksanaannya tergolong dalam kategori cukup baik, kesesuaian RPP dengan silabus mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa masuk dalam kategori sangat baik, Soal UH dalam mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir kritismasuk dakam kategori cukup, kesesuain RPP terhadap tingkat keterlaksanaan pembelajaran yang mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa termasuk kategori cukup baik. Disimpulkan bahwa implementasi kurikulum 2013 perangkat pembelajaran dalam mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir kritis pada pelajaran biologi di 8 SMAN di Banten tergolong ke dalam kategori cukup baik.</p> iing Dwi Lestari Usman Usman Riana Zikriah Copyright (c) 2020 iing Dwi Lestari, Usman Usman, Riana Zikriah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-29 2020-11-29 1 3 345 356 10.5281/zenodo.4283030 Penerapan Model https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/932 <p>Abstrak</p> <p>.................</p> made yuni Copyright (c) 1 3 A Pengaruh Zat Pengatur Tumbuh Pada Perbanyakan Jati Super Secara Kultur jaringan https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/928 <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan konsentrasi zat pengatur tumbuh BAP (Benzoyl Amino Purin) yang optimal untuk perbanyakan jati super secara kultur jaringan. Penelitian dilaksanakan di laboratorium Kultur jaringan SMK Negeri 1 Lhoksukon, Aceh Utara, yaitu mulai bulan April sampai bulan Juni 2020. Percobaan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan perlakuan konsentrasi BAP yaitu 0,5; 1,0;1,5;2,5;3,0;3,5; dan 4,0 ppm, pada medium MS, diulang sebanyak lima ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 2,5 ppm BAP adalah konsentrasi yang optimum, yaitu menghasilkan rata-rata 3 - 5 tunas dengan tinggi tunas 4,0 cm, serta waktu mulai bertunas yaitu sekitar tujuh hari.</p> Abdul Khalid Copyright (c) 1 3 Penerapan model team assisted individualization untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar matematika https://ojs.ikippgribali.ac.id/index.php/ijed/article/view/925 <p class="western" lang="en-US" style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%; background: #ffffff;" align="justify"><em><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">The purpuse of this reseach was to improve Mathematics learning outcomeson Trigonometric Identity Material inclass X MIPA 3 the students of SMA Negeri 1 Kedunggalar in semester 2 of the 2018/2019 academic year through the application of </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">Team Assisted Individualization cooperative learning models. Subjects in the reseach were students of class X MIPA 3 of SMA Negeri 1 Kedunggalar in semester 2 of the 2018/2019 academic year by totaling 32 people. The object of the re</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">s</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">ea</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">r</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">ch was student learning activities and the Mathematics learning outcomes. Student learning outcomes data in Mathematics subjects were collected using tests. Data wer</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">e</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID"> analyzed using qualitative descriptive techniques. The resea</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">r</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">ch was </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">result</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID"> to be successful if it met criteria: (1)</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">the average value of the minimum Mathematics TrigonometricI dentity Material test was KKM of 70, and (2) the classical completeness was at least 85%. The results of data analysis showed an increase in student learning outcomes in Mathematics Trigonometric Identity Material subjects inclass X MIPA 3 SMA Negeri 1 Kedunggalar after using the application of the Team Assisted Individualization type cooperative learning model. In cycle I, the average v</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">a</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">lue of daily test was 66,38, and classical completeness was 72%, in cycle II the average value of daily tests was 75,00 with a classical completeness of 78%, and in cycle III the average value of daily tests was 81,88 with a classical completeness of 88%.Thus, the application of the Team Assisted Individualization type of cooperative learning model could improve student learning outcomes in Mathematics Trigonometric Identity Material learning after three cycles.</span></span></span></em></p> <p class="western" lang="en-US" style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%; background: #ffffff;" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar Matematika materi IdentitasTrigonometri pada siswa kelas X MIPA 3 SMA Negeri 1 Kedunggalar </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">Semester 2 tahun pelajaran 2018/2019 melalui penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID"><em>Team Assisted Individualization</em></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">. Subjek dalam penelitian adalah siswa kelas X MIPA 3 SMA Negeri 1 Kedunggalar semester 2 tahun pelajaran 2018/2019 berjumlah 32 orang. Objek penelitian adalah aktivitas belajar dan hasil belajar. Data hasil belajar siswa dalam mata pelajaran Matematika dikumpulkan menggunakan tes.</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">Data dianalisis menggunakan teknik deskripsi kualitatif. Penelitian</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">dikatakan berhasil bila memenuhi kriteria:</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">(1)</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">nilai rata-rata ulangan Matematika materi Identitas</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">Trigonometri minimal sebesar nilai KKM</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;">=</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">70,</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">dan</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">(2)</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">ketuntasan klasikal minimal 85%. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan terjadi peningkatan hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran Matematika materi Identitas Trigonometri dikelas X MIPA 3 SMA Negeri 1 Kedunggalar setelah menggunakan penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID"><em>Team Assisted Individualization</em></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">. Pada siklus I, nilai rata-rata ulangan harian mencapai 66,38 dan ketuntasan klasikal 72%, pada siklus II, nilai rata-rata ulangan harian mencapai 75,00 dengan ketuntasan klasikal sebesar 78% dan pada siklus III, nilai rata-rata ulangan harian mencapai 81,88 dengan ketuntasan klasikal sebesar 88%. Dengan demikian,</span></span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID">penerapan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID"><em>Team Assisted Individualization</em></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span lang="id-ID"> dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada pembelajaran Matematika materi Identitas Trigonometri setelah dilakukan tiga kali siklus.</span></span></span></p> Nining Kundarwati Copyright (c) 2020 Nining Kundarwati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-11-29 2020-11-29 1 3 447 454 10.5281/zenodo.4285539